Need help determining a resource's credibility? Use the TRAAP(S) test!
|Questions to Consider|
|Timeliness & Truth||
- How old is the source?
- Have the source's findings been proven inaccurate?
- Does the source reflect the time period you are investigating?
- Are there credible references that support the claims?
- Does this resource relate to the topic you are investigating? And if so, how does it relate?
- Who produced this resource?
- What are the qualifications of the entity that produced this resource?
- Who was this resource produced for? / Who benefits or is harmed by this resource being produced and/or share?
- What thought, emotion, or action does the creator want to impart on the user?
- What is the purpose of the resource's production/sharing -- entertainment? research? learning? persuasion? Understanding this element will help you decipher bias.
- Do the responsible entities have financial, social, or political ties that may impact their ability to speak objectively about the topic? (Bias)
- Does the resource represent a multitude of perspectives/schools of thought on the topic?
- Does the resource contain highly subjective/emotional language?
|Site Structure and Syntax (Websites & Digital Content)||
- Check the URL to determine if the resource was created by a commercial entity, the government, or some other entity.
- Read content on the same topic from another site to determine information accuracy.
- Check for advertisements to help determine those with interest in the information being produced and/or shared?
This table represents a modified version of the CRAAP test. The TRAAP Test is modified from The CRAAP Test, created by Sarah Blakeslee and the librarians at California State University's Meriam Library in 2004.