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Mesmerism - The Franco-Louisiana Connection: A Guide: Société du Magnétisme de la Nouvelle-Orléans

Société du Magnétisme de la Nouvelle-Orléans

Mesmerism in New Orleans

 

Mesmerism in New Orleans: 1845-1861

Wallace K. Tomlinson and John J. Perret

 

Presented at the 17th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis, New Orleans, 1974

 

"The English speaking medical community held the position regarding magnetism which was consonant with the general attitude of established medicine.  The New Orleans medical journals, contained reports on the value of mesmerism in treating hysteria (Periscope of Practical Medicine, 1844) and also the use of mesmeric sleep for surgical anesthesia (Dugas, 1845).  ... Since all the communications records and minutes of The Société du Magnétisme de la Nouvelle-Orléans were in French, it is unlikely that the English speaking medical community would have been particularly familiar with its operation."

 

Tomlinson WK, Perret JJ. Mesmerism in New Orleans, 1845-1861. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1974 Dec;   131(12):1402-4.     Reprinted: Tomlinson WK, Perret JJ. Mesmerism in New Orleans: 1845-1861. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 1975 Jul; 18(1):1-5.

Société du Magnétisme de la Nouvelle-Orléans published in the Journal du Magnétisme (Paris)

Image from Journal de Magnetisme

Barthet, J. (1847)  Institutions magnétiques: Société du Magnétisme de la Nouvelle-Orléans. J. Magnet (Paris) 5:212-216.

About

The Société du Magnétisme

de la Nouvelle-Orléans

 

"The Société du Magnétisme de la Nouvelle-Orléans was the largest, most active, and most enduring American mesmeric (hypnotic) organization of its day.  

This important group was officially established in 1845 and was in existence until the time of the Civil War.  French influence upon the early course of development of hypnosis in America was significant in New Orleans, and also New England.  The New Orleans Society's transactions were published in a Paris-based French-language periodical, Journal du Magnétisme, the constitution was published in the 1847 volume.

 

Rules of the New Orleans Society of Magnetism

  1. The study of magnetic phenomena and research into their origins, as well as the most appropriate procedures for bringing them about.
  2. The dissemination of magnetism by informing the world of the universal means of healing and preservation that nature has given to each of us.
  3. The therapeutic application of human magnetism to the treatment of diseases.                                                                                                                                                                         

To reach that goal, the New Orleans Society of Magnetism, founded on the 9th of April 1845, established ...

The New Orleans group dissolved probably because of the blockade of the South which disrupted contact with France and other difficulties occasioned by the conflict.  ... No hypnosis organization of consequence subsequently appeared on the American scene until nearly a century later when the Society for Clinical and Experiment Hypnosis was founded in 1949.

 

Gravitz, M.A.,  Gerton, M.I.  (1986) The Société du Magnétisme de la Nouvelle-Orléans: its place in the early history of
                hypnosis in America.  International Journal of Psychosomatics.  33(4):11-4.

 

Other Resources

UPMC

L'université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, FRANCE

References

Gravitz MA, Gerton MI. The Société du Magnétisme de la Nouvelle-Orléans: Its place in the early history of hypnosis in America. International Journal of Psychosomatics. 1986;33(4):11-4.

Gravitz MA. Early American Mesmeric Societies: A historical study. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 1994 Jul; 37(1):41-8.

Tomlinson WK, Perret JJ. Mesmerism in New Orleans, 1845-1861. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1974 Dec; 131(12):1402-4.
Reprinted: Tomlinson WK, Perret JJ. Mesmerism in New Orleans: 1845-1861. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 1975 Jul; 18(1):1-5.

Other online

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