Theses & Dissertations:
C- Currency The timeliness of the information
· How old is this material?
· How far back do you really want to go (current research in science vs historical perspective? Facts that haven’t changed (e.g., we need oxygen to survive) vs. a rapidly changing field of research.
· Are all of the references cited outdated as well?
R- Relevancy How relevant is the information for your topic
· Is the information related to your topic?
· Is it at a level that you understand (Highly technical meant for others with PhDs outside your field)?
· Does it add something new to your paper/knowledge? Is this just used for filler?
A- Accuracy Accuracy/truthfulness of the information
· Are there references or a bibliography/Works cited?
· Is the information supported by facts and evidence (in-text citations)?
· Has the information been peer-reviewed before publication
· Are there spelling errors and typos? Is it poorly written?
A- Authority The source and expertise of the author(s)
· Can you identify the author/company/organization/source or sponsor of the article
· How reputable is the Journal/magazine in which this was published?
· Are the credentials given (PhD, MD, Team of physicians)
· Is the author affiliated with a University, Think-Tank, Research Group OR hired by a company or an organization with a goal in mind?
· What makes the person qualified to write on this topic? (expert vs student)
P- Purpose The intention of the information
· Is it trying to sell, convince, teach, entertain or persuade?
· Is the authors biased and if so is it clearly stated
· Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?
· Is it written objectively or impartial?
· Does it have the words editorial, commentary, book review, opinion piece in the title?
Adapted from: Blakeslee, S. (2004). The CRAAP test. LOEX Quarterly, 31(3). Retrieved from http://commons.emich.edu/