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Company research typically involves a combination of quantitative and qualitative information - the numbers and the narrative. Take time to consider what you might reasonably be able to learn about a company. Is it in the company's interest to reveal the information you are seeking? What disclosures are required? Is this information a company would want its competitors to know?
The resources on this guide can help you to put together a picture of your company from a variety of angles and perspectives.
To start any company research project, it is necessary to know whether the company is public, private, international, not-for-profit, or a subsidiary of a larger corporation. The amount of available information and the sources of information vary depending on the company type.
Analyst reports - also known as research reports, these are written by analysts at investment banks who follow companies in specific industries. Reports can include details on products, services, financial performance, strategy, and industry- specific details.
Company lists and directories - generate lists of companies by industry and geographical location, among other variables.
Company news - articles can provide current information to update company reports
Conference call transcripts- sources for written and audio transcripts of earnings calls, addresses to shareholders, and conference presentations
Financials - sources for financial statements (income statement, balance sheet,...) earnings, ratios, market share, retail sales per square foot
Profiles and histories - when available, profiles include a business description, industry classifications, competitors, products & services, officers, number of employees, sales, and company history.
SEC filings and reports - public company filings to the Securities and Exchange Commissions, plus annual reports to shareholders
Stock prices - current and historical stock returns
Suppliers - company major suppliers; sources to connect buyers and suppliers