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The Empirical Research Paper: A Guide

Guidance and resources for upper-level undergraduates on how to read, design, and write an empirical research paper or thesis

What is Empirical Research?

Empirical Research consists of experiments that rely on observation and measurement to provide evidence about phenomena. Empirical research employs rigorous methods to test out theories and hypotheses (expectations) using real data instead of hunches or anecdotal observations. This type of research is easily identifiable as it always consists of the following pieces of information:

  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • References

This Guide will serve to offer a basic understanding on how to approach empirical research via Reading the Empirical Research Paper, Designing Empirical Research, and Writing an Empirical Paper. 

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.