It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Images in the Health Sciences: A Guide
Resources to locate images in the health sciences for study, presentations and research.
"One of the rights accorded to the owner of copyright is the right to
reproduce or to authorize others to reproduce the work in copies or
phonorecords. This right is subject to certain limitations found in
sections 107 through 118 of the copyright law (title 17, U. S. Code).
One of the more important limitations is the doctrine of “fair use.”
The doctrine of fair use has developed through a substantial number of
court decisions over the years and has been codified in section 107 of
the copyright law.
Section 107 contains a list of the various purposes for which the
reproduction of a particular work may be considered fair, such as
criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and
research. Section 107 also sets out four factors to be considered in
determining whether or not a particular use is fair:
The purpose and character of the use, including
whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit
The nature of the copyrighted work
The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work
The distinction between fair use and infringement may be unclear and
not easily defined. There is no specific number of words, lines, or
notes that may safely be taken without permission.
Acknowledging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission."
Use of images by individuals for educational purposes is generally considered fair use. If money changes hands or the image is used for publication (of some sort) then image users need to receive approval from image creators or owners before use to avoid copyright law violation.
Carefully read the verbiage at the origin of the image. Often image users rights and responsibilities are clearly defined there, as are the means for asking permision for use of desired images. Look for the terms "copyright" or "usage".