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Research4Life: A Guide

Information resources to support R4L training

Designing a literature review based on a rigorous research question or hypothesis

Part 1 January 11, 2018

PICO Worksheets

The PICO Worksheet document helps you frame a clinical question using the PICO model.

PDF, Word and PPT versions.

About EBM

Part 2 February 22, 2018

All instruction content and resources are on the HINARI Guide below.

Database structure/Literature searching in PubMed via HINARI

Please review this article sent by Dr. Lichtveld on February 16:

Fiolet, T., Srour, B., Sellem, L., Kesse-Guyot, E., Alles, B., Mejean, C., . . . Touvier, M. (2018). Consumption of ultra-processed foods and cancer risk: Results from NutriNet-sante prospective cohort. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 360, k322. 10.1136/bmj.k322 [doi]

Examine this search to understand how to locate the article and ones like it

breast neoplasms[MeSH Terms] OR neoplasms[MeSH Terms]) AND diet, food, and nutrition[MeSH Terms]) AND Touvier[Author]

Resources to locate the evidence

In each resource, there are some which are international in scope. is a U.S.-centric resource, but has valuable resources.

Part 3: 3. Citation Management/Authorship skills

Resources for Literature and Guidelines

Part 4 Annotated Bibliographies and Review

Annotated Bibliographies



Mendeley is a desktop and web-based citation management tool. With it you can organize research materials, annotate PDFs, and create citations. You can also network with others researching in your discipline who are using Mendeley.




A free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research. Zotero allows you to attach digital objects like PDFs, notes and images to your citations, organize them into collections for different projects, and create bibliographies, even from within your preferred word processor.

You will want to download:

  • Zotero 6.0 app A stand-alone application for all users.
  • Zotero Connector To save to Zotero directly from your browser.

Word processor plugins for Microsoft Word, Google Docs, and LibreOffice come bundled with the Zotero app and will be installed automatically for each installed word processor when you first start Zotero.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.