History of Banned Books
Judith Fingeret Krug, American librarian born March 15, 1940, in Pittsburgh, Pa. led the battle against government censorship of books housed in libraries and was a founder (1982) of Banned Books Week, an annual event that promotes public readings of condemned books. She championed a number of First Amendment freedoms, decrying Internet censorship in libraries, backing the eradication of an indecency provision of the Communications Decency Act of 1996, and challenging a provision in the USA Patriot Act that allowed federal investigators to examine the library records of patrons. For her commitment to the values of free expression, Krug received (2009) the William J. Brennan, Jr., Award.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2011. Web. 27 July 2011.
Banned Books Week at Howard-Tilton
Definition and Stats
“Challenged”- A challenge is defined as a formal, written complaint, filed with a library or school requesting that materials be removed because of content or appropriateness. The number of challenges reflects only incidents reported.
Over the past nine years, American libraries were faced with 4,659 challenges.
- 1,536 challenges due to “sexually explicit” material;
- 1,231 challenges due to “offensive language”;
- 977 challenges due to material deemed “unsuited to age group”;
- 553 challenges due to “violence”
- 370 challenges due to “homosexuality”; and
Further, 121 materials were challenged because they were “anti-family,” and an additional 304 were challenged because of their “religious viewpoints.”
Definition and stats regarding ‘challenges’ from the American Library Association’s website. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
How Much Do You Know About Banned Books?